Inflammatory Bowel Disease (IBD)

IBD is an important clinical entity, made up of two idiopathic processes:  Crohn Disease (CD) and Ulcerative Colitis (UC).  Risk factors involve both genetic (higher incidence in identical twins) and environmental sources.  Cigarette smoking = risk factor for CD, protective for UC.  Northern populations see higher rates of IBD.  Note:  may utilize ESR and CRP levels to…

HFpEF Treatment

These patients tend to be very VOLUME SENSITIVE. Daily weight checks – get an accurate bathroom scale. No medications have proven mortality benefit. Treat causes Hypertension – lower the patient’s blood pressure Tachycardia – AV nodal blockade depending on etiology.   Bibliography ACP MKSAP 17:  Cardiovascular Medicine, pp. 32-34 Image credit (follow link)