Heart Failure Pathophysiology and Diagnosis

Pathophysiology In an average healthy person, normal LV ejection fraction (LVEF):  >50% Roughly 50% of those with heart failure have reduced left ventricular (LV) function (HFrEF) Heart cannot squeeze/contract properly, and then progressively dilates. The other 50% have preserved (normal contraction) LV function (HFpEF) Cannot relax properly, leading to high diastolic (filling) pressures. New heart failure …

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PGY-2 Life And Decisions

It’ll take some time to shake the feeling of being the “Intern” after twelve months with that role.  One of my primary goals for intern year (first year) was to learn the fundamentals of real-world medical practice.  If I had to choose a few from a long-list, some fundamentals would include:  recognize life-threatening and other urgent but common …

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PGY-1 “Intern” Year In Review

It’s time for the obligatory “year in review” post, and I couldn’t be more proud.  Intern year is an emotional rollercoaster, marked by episodes of triumph and failure.  The year is almost over, and I am (anxiously) awaiting my second year of residency training.  Finishing intern year (first year) is a huge milestone in my professional …

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