Atrial Flutter

More organized, saw-tooth type pattern seen on standard 12-lead EKG. Negative flutter waves in inferior leads Positive flutter waves in V1 Typical Flutter = counterclockwise reentry around tricuspid annulus. Rate is ~250/min; noted as 2:1 or 4:1 for its atrial rate and the ratio of electrical conduction down the AV node. Atrial Flutter is often seen in…

Atrial Fibrillation

As of the time of this writing, I am a second-year internal medicine resident physician, and have been involved in the care of at least fifty patients (averaging nearly one patient per work week, a very conservative estimate) with Atrial Fibrillation (AFib), an abnormal heart rhythm.  According to MKSAP 17 Cardiovascular Medicine, it is the #1…